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LNPP-2 will eventually replace the existing LNPP – says expert


Leningrad NPP-2, which fully complies with requirements for nuclear facilities, having become tightened after the accident at the Japanese nuclear power plant “Fukushima” two years ago, will gradually replace the operating Leningrad NPP with reactors RBMK, says the President of GCE Group Alexander Moskalenko

Leningrad NPP-2 (LNPP-2), which fully complies with the requirements for nuclear facilities, having become tightened after the accident at the Japanese nuclear power plant "Fukushima" two years ago, will gradually replace the current Leningrad NPP with reactors RBMK, said the president of GCE Group Alexander Moskalenko.

“The very fact of existence of such a reactor at the Leningrad NPP type determines the future of the station: after launching the LNPP-2 the new station is gradually evolving from stand-by into a major nuclear facility of the Northwest. LNPP, sooner or later, is expected to be conserved”, - he told to RIA Novosti.

Moskalenko said that after the incident at the “Fukushima”, when the earthquake and tsunami led to a series of accidents that caused the failure of the cooling system, between the supervisory bodies, representatives of industry and academia there is an ongoing dialogue to adopt post-Fukushima requirements at nuclear power facilities of Russia and the world.

“Summing up the information received from the state nuclear energy corporation “Rosatom” and from the experts on nuclear safety of our group companies, I make the conclusion that the so-called post-Fukushima requirements for nuclear facilities are less stringent than the post-Chernobyl, which were created in the late 80's”, - said the dialogue partner to the news agency.

The Chief Engineer of the St. Petersburg Research and Design Institute Atomic Energy Project “AEP” (SPbAEP), Sergey Svetlov considers that the disaster at “Fukushima”, in general, had no negative effect on the development of the Russian nuclear industry. Moreover, “this event enabled to have a fresh look into the issues of safety and provided an impetus to conduct stability analysis of all the existing nuclear power plants to extreme external impacts”, - he said.

Svetlov also added that the incident at the Japanese nuclear power plant has led to a review of the new nuclear power plant projects on their compliance with post-Fukushima safety requirements - including those with the possibility of improbable coincidence of natural and man-made phenomena. “ As whole, all the studies that were carried out for the existing units, and in relation to the projected ones, showed that with minimal additional technical means our stations can withstand such accidents," - said in the interview to the news agency.

He added that the disaster at the "Fukushima" has demonstrated the stability and safety of nuclear power as a whole, because, despite the entire range of negative factors and the “age” of the affected units, the accident was contained with minimal release of radioactive substances and with the minimum number of casualties.

Leningrad NPP is a branch of "Rosenergoatom". The station is located in Sosnovy Bor, at the 80th kilometre to the west of St. Petersburg, on the Gulf of Finland. At the NPP four power units are under operation with RBMK-1000 reactors (uranium-graphite nuclear reactors of channel-type using thermal neutrons) with power capacity of 1,000 MW each. The first power unit of the station was launched in the year 1973, the second - in 1975, the third - in 1979 and the fourth in 1981.

Operation of all units has been extended to 2018, 2020, 2025 and 2026 respectively after their modernization. On reaching these deadlines the LNPP will be withdrawn from operation.

The LNPP-2 is constructed as per the project NPP 2006 of the OJSC “SPbAEP”. The power capacity of each of the four power units of WWER (Water-Water Energetic Reactor) is defined in 1.98 megawatts. The design life of Leningrad NPP-2 is 50 years. Commissioning of the first power unit of Leningrad NPP-2 is scheduled for 2014, the second, as planned - in 2016.

Photo by Alexey Danychev

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